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Die amerikanische Polizistin Kathryn Bolkovac kommt als UN-Beauftragte ins kriegszerstörte Sarajewo. Bei der Unterstützung der einheimischen Polizei bemerkt sie, dass nach Razzien regelmäßig mehrere Mädchen verschwinden. Kathryn will das nicht so. Whistleblower – In gefährlicher Mission (Originaltitel: The Whistleblower) ist ein kanadisch-deutsches Kriegsdrama aus dem Jahr von Larysa Kondracki. entrepreneurking.co - Kaufen Sie The Whistleblower günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer. Whistleblower - In gefährlicher Mission. Originaltitel. The Whistleblower. FSK. Regie. Larysa Kondracki. Darsteller. Rachel Weisz · Monica Bellucci. The Whistleblower: Poster. Dauer: '. TRAILER. Regie: Larysa Kondracki Schauspieler: Rachel Weisz, Vanessa Redgrave, Monica Bellucci, David Strathairn.

The Whistleblower

The Whistleblower: Poster. Dauer: '. TRAILER. Regie: Larysa Kondracki Schauspieler: Rachel Weisz, Vanessa Redgrave, Monica Bellucci, David Strathairn. The whistleblower is a disillusioned or disloyal employee who reveals organizational More recently, a new incentive has been added to the whistleblowing. Whistleblower - In gefährlicher Mission. Originaltitel. The Whistleblower. FSK. Regie. Larysa Kondracki. Darsteller. Rachel Weisz · Monica Bellucci.

The Whistleblower - Larysa Kondracki

Dabei entdeckt sie, dass Mitglieder von Organisationen, die zur Friedenssicherung vor Ort sind, selber in diese brutalen Geschäfte verwickelt sind. Sie werden sexuell missbraucht, physisch und psychisch unterdrückt. Deine E-Mail-Adresse. Zwei Tage darauf kam der Film auch in Hongkong in die Kinos Dabei erschien The Whistleblower in Brasilien am Das Geisterhaus. association, while an external whistleblower is a person who is not directly involved. Internal channels for reporting misconduct are not always available and can. Vertreten der „quitam bar“ und Hinzuziehung der Erfahrungswerte anderer Whistleblower-Programme am ihren Verordnungsvorschlag This Pin was discovered by ola. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. Weitere Aspekte, die vom Whistleblowing unterschieden werden, sind sein, jedoch ist der Journalist selber nicht mit einem Whistleblower vergleichbar. entrepreneurking.co: Whistleblower - In gefährlicher Mission: Kaas, Nikolaj Lie: Movies & TV.

These laws were enacted to help prevent corruption and encourage people to expose misconduct, illegal, or dishonest activity for the good of society.

They most likely are fired because they are an at-will employee , which means they can be fired without a reason. There are exceptions in place for whistleblowers who are at-will employees.

Even without a statute, numerous decisions encourage and protect whistleblowing on grounds of public policy. Statutes state that an employer shall not take any adverse employment actions any employee in retaliation for a good-faith report of a whistleblowing action or cooperating in any way in an investigation, proceeding, or lawsuit arising under said action.

In the federal civil service, the government is prohibited from taking, or threatening to take, any personnel action against an employee because the employee disclosed information that they reasonably believed showed a violation of law, gross mismanagement, and gross waste of funds, abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public safety or health.

To prevail on a claim, a federal employee must show that a protected disclosure was made, that the accused official knew of the disclosure, that retaliation resulted, and that there was a genuine connection between the retaliation and the employee's action.

Individual harm, public trust damage, and a threat of national security are three categories of harm that may come as a result of whistleblowing.

Revealing a whistleblower's identity can automatically put their life in danger. Some media outlets associate words like "traitor" and "treason" with whistleblowers, and in many countries around the world, the punishment for treason is the death penalty , even if whoever allegedly committed treason may not have caused anyone physical harm.

A primary argument in favor of the death penalty for treason is the potential endangerment of an entire people.

In other words, the perpetrator is perceived as being responsible for any harm that befalls the country or its citizens as a result of their actions.

In some instances, whistleblowers must flee their country to avoid public scrutiny, threats of death or physical harm, and in some cases criminal charges.

In a few cases, harm is done by the whistleblower to innocent people. Whistleblowers are sometimes seen as selfless martyrs for public interest and organizational accountability ; others view them as "traitors" or "defectors".

Some even accuse them of solely pursuing personal glory and fame, or view their behavior as motivated by greed in qui tam cases.

Some academics such as Thomas Alured Faunce feel that whistleblowers should at least be entitled to a rebuttable presumption that they are attempting to apply ethical principles in the face of obstacles and that whistleblowing would be more respected in governance systems if it had a firmer academic basis in virtue ethics.

It is probable that many people do not even consider blowing the whistle, not only because of fear of retaliation, but also because of fear of losing their relationships at work and outside work.

Employees in academia, business or government might become aware of serious risks to health and the environment, but internal policies might pose threats of retaliation to those who report these early warnings.

Private company employees in particular might be at risk of being fired, demoted, denied raises and so on for bringing environmental risks to the attention of appropriate authorities.

Government employees could be at a similar risk for bringing threats to health or the environment to public attention, although perhaps this is less likely.

There are examples of "early warning scientists" being harassed for bringing inconvenient truths about impending harm to the notice of the public and authorities.

There have also been cases of young scientists being discouraged from entering controversial scientific fields for fear of harassment.

However, many whistleblowers report there exists a widespread " shoot the messenger " mentality by corporations or government agencies accused of misconduct and in some cases whistleblowers have been subjected to criminal prosecution in reprisal for reporting wrongdoing.

As a reaction to this many private organizations have formed whistleblower legal defense funds or support groups to assist whistleblowers; three such examples are the National Whistleblowers Center [31] in the United States , and Whistleblowers UK [32] and Public Concern at Work PCaW [33] in the United Kingdom.

Depending on the circumstances, it is not uncommon for whistleblowers to be ostracized by their co-workers, discriminated against by future potential employers, or even fired from their organization.

This campaign directed at whistleblowers with the goal of eliminating them from the organization is referred to as mobbing.

It is an extreme form of workplace bullying wherein the group is set against the targeted individual. There is limited research on the psychological impacts of whistle blowing.

However, poor experiences of whistleblowing can cause a prolonged and prominent assault upon staff well being.

As workers attempt to address concerns, they are often met with a wall of silence and hostility by management. As such, workers remain afraid to blow the whistle, in fear that they will not be believed or they have lost faith in believing that anything will happen if they do speak out.

Whistleblowers may also be disciplined, suspended and reported to professional bodies upon manufactured pretexts. The social impact of whistleblowing through loss of livelihood and sometimes pension , and family strain may also impact on whistleblowers' psychological well being.

Whistleblowers may also experience immense stress as a result of litigation regarding detriments such as unfair dismissal, which they often face with imperfect support or no support at all from unions.

Whistleblowers who continue to pursue their concerns may also face long battles with official bodies such as regulators and government departments.

This mistreatment also deters others from coming forward with concerns. Thus, poor practices remain hidden behind a wall of silence, and prevent any organization from experiencing the improvements that may be afforded by intelligent failure.

The definition of ethics is the moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior. The ethical implications of whistleblowing can be negative as well as positive.

However, sometimes employees may blow the whistle as an act of revenge. Rosemary O'Leary explains this in her short volume on a topic called guerrilla government.

Over the years, I have learned that the motivations driving guerrillas are diverse. The reasons for acting range from the altruistic doing the right thing to the seemingly petty I was passed over for that promotion.

Taken as a whole, their acts are as awe inspiring as saving human lives out of a love of humanity and as trifling as slowing the issuance of a report out of spite or anger.

Discussions of whistleblowing and employee loyalty usually assume that the concept of loyalty is irrelevant to the issue or, more commonly, that whistleblowing involves a moral choice that pits the loyalty that an employee owes an employer against the employee's responsibility to serve the public interest.

Larmer describes the standard view of whistleblowing in the Journal of Business Ethics by explaining that an employee possesses prima facie based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise duties of loyalty and confidentiality to their employers and that whistleblowing cannot be justified except on the basis of a higher duty to the public good.

The ethics of Edward Snowden's actions have been widely discussed and debated in news media and academia worldwide. A person is diligently tasked with the conundrum of choosing to be loyal to the company or to blow the whistle on the company's wrongdoing.

Discussions on whistleblowing generally revolve around three topics: attempts to define whistleblowing more precisely, debates about whether and when whistleblowing is permissible, and debates about whether and when one has an obligation to blow the whistle.

Many whistleblowers have stated that they were motivated to take action to put an end to unethical practices, after witnessing injustices in their businesses or organizations.

The first metric involves a violation of the organization's bylaws or written ethical policies. These violations allow individuals to concretize and rationalize blowing the whistle.

In these cases, whistleblowers have been criticized for being driven by personal biases. In addition to ethics, social and organizational pressure are a motivating forces.

A study identified that individuals are more likely to blow the whistle when several others know about the wrongdoing, because they would otherwise fear consequences for keeping silent.

Legal protection for whistleblowers varies from country to country and may depend on the country of the original activity, where and how secrets were revealed, and how they eventually became published or publicized.

Over a dozen countries have now adopted comprehensive whistleblower protection laws that create mechanisms for reporting wrongdoing and provide legal protections to whistleblowers.

Over 50 countries have adopted more limited protections as part of their anti-corruption, freedom of information, or employment laws.

There are laws in a number of states. Whistleblowers Australia is an association for those who have exposed corruption or any form of malpractice, especially if they were then hindered or abused.

The Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada PSIC [73] provides a safe and confidential mechanism enabling public servants and the general public to disclose wrongdoings committed in the public sector.

It also protects from reprisal public servants who have disclosed wrongdoing and those who have cooperated in investigations. The Office's goal is to enhance public confidence in Canada's federal public institutions and in the integrity of public servants.

The Act, which came into force on April 15, , applies to most of the federal public sector, approximately , public servants.

Not all disclosures lead to an investigation as the Act sets out the jurisdiction of the Commissioner and gives the option not to investigate under certain circumstances.

On the other hand, if PSIC conducts an investigation and finds no wrongdoing was committed, the Commissioner must report his findings to the discloser and to the organization's chief executive.

Also, reports of founded wrongdoing are presented before the House of Commons and the Senate in accordance with The Act.

As of June , a total of nine reports have been tabled in Parliament. The Tribunal can grant remedies in favour of complainants and order disciplinary action against persons who take reprisals.

Mario Dion. The European Parliament approved a "Whistleblower Protection Directive" containing broad free speech protections for whistleblowers in both the public and the private sectors, including for journalists , in all member states of the European Union.

The Directive prohibits direct or indirect retaliation against employees, current and former, in the public sector and the private sector.

The Directive's protections apply to employees, to volunteers, and to those who assist them, including to civil society organizations and to journalists who report on their evidence.

It provides equal rights for whistleblowers in the national security sector who challenge denial or removal of their security clearances.

Also, whistleblowers are protected from criminal prosecution and corporate lawsuits for damages resulting from their whistleblowing, and provides for psychological support for dealing with harassment stress.

Good government observers have hailed the EU directive as setting "the global standard for best practice rights protecting freedom of speech where it counts the most—challenging abuses of power that betray the public trust ," according to the U.

They have noted, however, that ambiguities remain in the Directive regarding application in some areas, such as "duty speech," that is, when employees report the same information in the course of a job assignment, for example, to a supervisor, instead of whistleblowing as formal dissent.

In fact, duty speech is how the overwhelming majority of whistleblowing information gets communicated, and where the free flow of information is needed for proper functioning of organizations.

However it is in response to such "duty speech" employee communication that the vast majority of retaliation against employees occurs.

These observers have noted that the Directive must be understood as applying to protection against retaliation for such duty speech because without such an understanding the Directive will "miss the iceberg of what's needed".

It creates a comprehensive system for the protection of whistleblowers in the public and private sector. It is based on the Public Interest Disclosure Act The Government of India has been considering adopting a whistleblower protection law for several years.

The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, has received the Presidential assent on May 9, and the same has been subsequently published in the official gazette of the Government of India on May 9, by the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

The government of Ireland committed to adopting a comprehensive whistleblower protection law in January The law covers workers in the public and private sectors, and also includes contractors, trainees, agency staff, former employees and job seekers.

A range of different types of misconduct may be reported under the law, which provides protections for workers from a range of employment actions as well as whistleblowers' identity.

The Netherlands has measures in place to mitigate the risks of whistleblowing: the House for Whistleblowers Huis voor Whisteblowers offers advice and support to whistleblowers, and the Parliament recently [ when?

Publeaks is designed to protect whistleblowers. It operates on the GlobaLeaks software developed by the Hermes Center for Transparency and Digital Human Rights, [87] which supports whistleblower-oriented technologies internationally.

The draft introduces articles a bis to a septies , 3 , 2 d. Article a ter introduces an obligation on employees to report irregularities to their employer before reporting to an authority.

An employee will, however, not breach his duty of good faith if he reports an irregularity to an authority and. Article a quarter provides that an employee may exceptionally directly report to an authority.

Exceptions apply in cases. The draft does not improve on protection against dismissal for employees who report irregularities to their employer.

Amongst other things, under the Act protected disclosures are permitted even if a non-disclosure agreement has been signed between the employer and the former or current employee; a consultation on further restricting confidentiality clauses was held in From metacritic.

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Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Rachel Weisz Kathryn Bolkovac Vanessa Redgrave Madeleine Rees Monica Bellucci Laura Leviani David Strathairn Peter Ward Nikolaj Lie Kaas Raya Paula Schramm Luba Alexandru Potocean Viko William Hope Blakely Rayisa Kondracki Irka Jeanette Hain Halyna Benedict Cumberbatch Nick Kaufman David Hewlett Fred Murray Coca Bloos Milena Luke Treadaway Learn more More Like This.

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Runaway Jury Crime Drama Thriller. Scripps Media. Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved June 5, The Bismarck Tribune.

Kohn, Kohn and Colapinto. National Whistleblower Center. The Timberjay. Government Accountability Office.

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Democracy Now! The National Law Journal. Department of Health and Human Services September 2, Archived from the original on January 23, United States Department of Justice.

January 15, Archived from the original PDF on September 12, Department of Justice News Settlement. January Archived from the original PDF on October 17, Expreso Ecuador.

August 15, Archived from the original on August 16, Rolling Stone. For reference to the documents, see Poulsen and Zetter, June 6, Guardian UK.

Retrieved December 17, The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original PDF on May 30, Retrieved April 27, Evening Standard.

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February 6, Archived from the original on February 6, South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on February 7, Sina Corp.

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Muscovite nobleman, a Rurikid , closely related to Ivan the Terrible , defected to Grand Duchy of Lithuania and soon began exposing the Ivan's regime.

Along with Third Lieutenant Richard Marven , midshipman Shaw was a key figure in the passage of the first whistleblower law passed in the United States by the Continental Congress.

Edmund Dene Morel. English shipping clerk turned journalist who reported on the atrocities in the Congo Free State in Africa and became an anti-slavery campaigner.

His revelations led to a strong campaign against Belgian King Leopold II 's autocratic regime in his African territory, where the rubber plantations brutally exploited slave labor.

CPSU Secretariat. Stalin 's personal secretary, who fled abroad in , and while living in the Western countries, exposed lots of secrets concerning Stalin's rise to power and the Stalin regime.

First book of his memoirs was published in Paris in Cryptologist and Head of the Cipher Bureau, the first U. SIGINT agency better known as "The Black Chamber", who exposed the inner workings of the organization and its surveillance policies in his eponymous book, The American Black Chamber , after the United States Department of State withdrew funding from the organization's activities in , citing ethical concerns.

However, while "The Black Chamber" ceased operations following the withdrawal of funding, the publication of Yardley's book two years later and its resultant controversy in government circles caused the amendment of the Espionage Act of to prohibit the disclosure of foreign code or any communication transmitted through code.

Though Yardley remains a controversial figure in the intelligence community, he was honored by the National Security Agency in United States Marine Corps.

Retired U. Roosevelt administration in what became known as the Business Plot. He used his position inside the government apparatus to pass on information about secret atrocities and malfeasances committed by the Nazi Government and Part organizations especially the SA and SS to the foreign press - especially to Claud Cockburn , editor of the London-based muckraking journal The Week - in order to alarm the world public about those goings-on.

On June 30, , he was murdered by a squad of SS-men dispatched to his office by Heinrich Himmler , who shot him in the back of the head.

Polish Home Army. Polish resistance fighter, who during World War II twice visited the Warsaw ghetto , and met with United States president Franklin Delano Roosevelt , with the UK Foreign Secretary, and with the Polish shadow government in London, to report what he had witnessed concerning conditions for Jewish people, and the extermination camps.

His report was not taken seriously by any authority. American colonel , who, during the Vietnam War , reported to his superiors that American policy and tactics were seriously flawed, and later went to the media with his concerns.

Vann was asked to resign his commission, did so, but later returned to Vietnam. Swiss Police. United States Public Health Service. Exposed the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment.

John White. He asserted that U. White continued his whistleblowing activities by appearing in the documentary In the Year of the Pig.

United States State Department. The Pentagon Papers revealed endemic practices of deception by previous administrations, and contributed to the erosion of public support for the war.

The release triggered a legal case concerning government efforts to prevent the publication of classified information that was heard by the U.

United States U. Ellsberg himself was the subject of retaliation by the Nixon Administration. New York Police Department. Former New York City police officer who reported several of his fellow officers for bribery and related charges in front of the Knapp Commission probing police corruption in the NYPD.

Serpico was the first police officer in the history of the NYPD to step forward to report and subsequently testify openly about widespread, systemic corruption payoffs amounting to millions of dollars.

National Security Agency. Because of the Fellwock revelations, the U. Fellwock was motivated by Daniel Ellsberg's release of the Pentagon Papers.

Soviet abuse of psychiatry. In the Soviet Union , during the leadership of general secretary Leonid Brezhnev , psychiatry was used as a tool to eliminate political dissidents.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. Haldeman and presidential adviser John Ehrlichman. Stanley Adams. A senior executive at Swiss pharmaceutical company Hoffman-LaRoche, Adams supplied evidence to European Economic Community regulators on the company's price fixing in the international vitamin market.

He fought for ten years to clear his name and receive compensation from the EEC. United States Department of Defense. Fitzgerald retired from the Defense Department in French National Centre for Scientific Research.

Henri Pezerat , working on the Jussieu Campus , detected asbestos fibres falling from the ceiling and created a committee to study and inform people about the dangers of asbestos.

There have been a number of nuclear power whistleblowers who have identified safety concerns at nuclear power plants.

The first prominent nuclear power whistleblower was Karen Silkwood , who worked as a chemical technician at a Kerr-McGee nuclear plant.

Silkwood became an activist in the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union in order to protest health and safety issues.

The film Silkwood is an account of this story. Gregory C. Minor , Richard B. Hubbard, and Dale G. Nuclear power whistleblowers.

On February 2, , Gregory C. Bridenbaugh known as the GE Three "blew the whistle" on safety problems at nuclear power plants , and their action has been called "an exemplary instance of whistleblowing ".

They timed their statements to coincide with their resignations from responsible positions in General Electric 's nuclear energy division, and later established themselves as consultants on the nuclear power industry for state governments, federal agencies, and overseas governments.

The three engineers participated in Congressional hearings which their disclosures precipitated. Central Intelligence Agency.

Although he redacted all names, methods, and sources from the book, after it was published, CIA Director Stansfield Turner had Snepp successfully prosecuted for breach of contract for violating his non-disclosure agreement.

Supreme Court. From to , his assignments were in East Asia and Southeast Asia, where he held administrative posts. After leaving the Central Intelligence Agency, McGehee brought to the public his highly critical views, based on his experience.

He has discussed and illustrated how the CIA's covert actions and interventionist policies can produce unfavorable outcomes.

The CIA prevailed. Former Soviet military intelligence officer, who after his defection to the West in , exposed in his books various secrets related to the Soviet military and foreign intelligence.

The first book of his memoirs was published in United Kingdom Ministry of Defence. Senior civil servant in the UK Ministry of Defence who leaked classified documents to Labour Member of Parliament Tam Dalyell confirming that the General Belgrano was sunk by British forces during the Falklands War while outside the total exclusion zone, contradicting statements by the Thatcher Government.

John Michael Gravitt. Became the first individual in 40 years to file a qui tam lawsuit under the False Claims Act after the statute had been weakened in Gravitt was laid off following his complaints to supervisors about the discrepancies.

The case of Gravitt v. General Electric and Gravitt's deposition to Congress led to federal legislation bolstering the False Claims Act in Canadian Government.

Canadian civil servant who reported to his chief, the top Canadian civil servant, that Minister of Defence Robert Coates had visited a West German strip club while on an official mission, with NATO documents in his possession, creating a security risk.

Coates was asked to resign from Cabinet by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney , who also fired Edmonds and made him persona non grata in government circles.

Ingvar Bratt. Engineer who revealed himself as the anonymous source in the Bofors Scandal about illegal weapon exports.

Former MI5 officer who accused the British security service of having over-zealously interpreted which groups qualified as subversive , thus justifying surveillance against them.

Massiter revealed that MI5 had spied on trade unions, civil liberty organisations and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Ronald J. In the summer of , Goldstein identified safety problems to SAFETEAM, an internal compliance program established by EBASCO and Houston Lighting, including noncompliance with safety procedures, the failure to issue safety compliance reports, and quality control violations affecting the safety of the plant.

Subsequently, Goldstein filed suit under federal nuclear whistleblower statutes. The U. The ruling was appealed and overturned by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals , which ruled that private programs offered no protection to whistleblowers.

After Goldstein lost his case, Congress amended the federal nuclear whistleblower law to provide protection reports made to internal systems and prevent retaliation against whistleblowers.

Israeli nuclear weapons program. Revealed Israel's clandestine nuclear program to the British press. He spent seventeen and a half years in prison as a result, the first eleven of these in solitary confinement.

After his release, sanctions were placed on him: among others, he was not allowed to leave Israel or speak to foreigners.

The sanctions have been renewed every twelve months. At present, he is appealing a further six-month prison sentence imposed by an Israeli court for having spoken to foreigners and foreign press.

After its publication in Australia, which the Thatcher government tried to block, the government attempted to ban the book in Britain under the Official Secrets Act.

Through litigation, it succeeded in imposing a gag order on English newspapers to prevent them from publishing Wright's allegations.

The gag orders were upheld by the Law Lords. In , Templeton was appointed as a trustee of the Mirror Group Pension Scheme, but was fired in after challenging Maxwell's misuses of pension funds.

Roland Gibeault. Gibeault filed a qui tam lawsuit against defense subcontractor Genisco Technology Corp. Douglas D. United Technologies Corporation.

Filed a qui tam lawsuit against United Technologies Corp. UTX where he held the title vice president of finance.

Keeth and others had investigated billing practices at UTX's Sikorsky Aircraft division, uncovering inflated progress billings going back at least as far as UTX offered Mr.

William Schumer. Filed a lawsuit January alleging fraud by Hughes Aircraft with respect to the B-2 bomber. In the Supreme Court held that the claim should have been dismissed as based on invalid retroactive legislation because the alleged fraud occurred in —, before the amendments to the Fraudulent Claims Act which might have permitted it.

The government did not support Schumer in his lawsuit as it had determined the alleged fraud had actually benefited the government by shifting costs from the cost-plus B-2 contract to the fixed-price F contract.

A toxicologist , he warned managers at Mobil that the company's gasoline that was being sold in Japan contained benzene in excess of 5 percent, and that levels needed to be reduced.

Upon his return to the United States, he was fired. He later successfully sued the company. Nuclear Energy Services.

According to The New York Times , for three years, Gundersen "was awakened by harassing phone calls in the middle of the night" and he "became concerned about his family's safety".

Gundersen believes he was blacklisted, harassed and fired for doing what he thought was right. Archer Daniels Midland. PhD scientist and former Divisional President with Archer Daniels Midland, who worked with the FBI as a secret informant , to blow the whistle on price-fixing cartel in his company.

This story is featured in the film The Informant! Keith A. Schooley born is an American author and former stockbroker at Merrill Lynch , who brought attention to fraud and corruption within the firm at the Oklahoma and Texas offices in as a whistleblower.

French Institute for Research and Security. The French Institute for Research and Security decided not to allow him to participate in a symposium that he was organizing on health risks linked with ether glycols, and fired him.

In it was confirmed that he was right. William Sanjour. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Whistleblower at the U.

Environmental Protection Agency for over 20 years who also wrote on whistleblower protection issues. EPA,56 F. Nuclear power industry.

Nuclear power whistleblower George Galatis was a senior nuclear engineer who reported safety problems at the Millstone 1 Nuclear Power Plant , relating to reactor refueling procedures, in As a result of going to the NRC, Galatis experienced "subtle forms of harassment, retaliation, and intimidation".

Wigand claims that he was subsequently harassed and received anonymous death threats. He was portrayed by Russell Crowe in the film The Insider.

Canadian government. The first whistleblower on the Canadian "AdScam" or sponsorship scandal. Without legal protection, he was fired by the Canadian government.

As the case developed, federal legislation was passed to protect future whistleblowers in the Canadian civil service. Several convictions have been recorded to date with the case, with proceedings still in progress.

David Franklin. Exposed illegal promotion of the epilepsy drug Neurontin for un-approved uses while withholding evidence that the drug was not effective for these conditions.

The case had widespread effects including: establishing a new standards for pharmaceutical marketing practices; broadening the use of the False Claims Act to make fraudulent marketing claims criminal violations; exposing complicity and active participation in fraud by renowned physicians; and demonstrating how medical literature had been systematically adulterated by the pharmaceutical industry and its paid clinical consultants.

Los Angeles Police Department. At the meeting, Ruppert publicly alleged the existence of classified CIA programs named "Amadeus", "Pegasus", and "Watchtower", claiming to possess evidence for the programs including redacted documents from "Watchtower", and stated that CIA officers had attempted to involve him in protecting these CIA operations during the late s.

Starting in , Olivieri was part of a group conducting a clinical trial in order to evaluate the use of a drug of Apotex , deferiprone , in treating persons with a blood disorder, thalassaemia.

Olivieri informed both the research ethics board that was monitoring the study and Apotex , the drug maker.

The research ethics board instructed Olivieri to inform participants about her concerns.

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Also, reports of founded wrongdoing are presented before the House of Commons and the Senate in accordance with The Act. As of June , a total of nine reports have been tabled in Parliament.

The Tribunal can grant remedies in favour of complainants and order disciplinary action against persons who take reprisals.

Mario Dion. The European Parliament approved a "Whistleblower Protection Directive" containing broad free speech protections for whistleblowers in both the public and the private sectors, including for journalists , in all member states of the European Union.

The Directive prohibits direct or indirect retaliation against employees, current and former, in the public sector and the private sector.

The Directive's protections apply to employees, to volunteers, and to those who assist them, including to civil society organizations and to journalists who report on their evidence.

It provides equal rights for whistleblowers in the national security sector who challenge denial or removal of their security clearances.

Also, whistleblowers are protected from criminal prosecution and corporate lawsuits for damages resulting from their whistleblowing, and provides for psychological support for dealing with harassment stress.

Good government observers have hailed the EU directive as setting "the global standard for best practice rights protecting freedom of speech where it counts the most—challenging abuses of power that betray the public trust ," according to the U.

They have noted, however, that ambiguities remain in the Directive regarding application in some areas, such as "duty speech," that is, when employees report the same information in the course of a job assignment, for example, to a supervisor, instead of whistleblowing as formal dissent.

In fact, duty speech is how the overwhelming majority of whistleblowing information gets communicated, and where the free flow of information is needed for proper functioning of organizations.

However it is in response to such "duty speech" employee communication that the vast majority of retaliation against employees occurs.

These observers have noted that the Directive must be understood as applying to protection against retaliation for such duty speech because without such an understanding the Directive will "miss the iceberg of what's needed".

It creates a comprehensive system for the protection of whistleblowers in the public and private sector. It is based on the Public Interest Disclosure Act The Government of India has been considering adopting a whistleblower protection law for several years.

The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, has received the Presidential assent on May 9, and the same has been subsequently published in the official gazette of the Government of India on May 9, by the Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.

The government of Ireland committed to adopting a comprehensive whistleblower protection law in January The law covers workers in the public and private sectors, and also includes contractors, trainees, agency staff, former employees and job seekers.

A range of different types of misconduct may be reported under the law, which provides protections for workers from a range of employment actions as well as whistleblowers' identity.

The Netherlands has measures in place to mitigate the risks of whistleblowing: the House for Whistleblowers Huis voor Whisteblowers offers advice and support to whistleblowers, and the Parliament recently [ when?

Publeaks is designed to protect whistleblowers. It operates on the GlobaLeaks software developed by the Hermes Center for Transparency and Digital Human Rights, [87] which supports whistleblower-oriented technologies internationally.

The draft introduces articles a bis to a septies , 3 , 2 d. Article a ter introduces an obligation on employees to report irregularities to their employer before reporting to an authority.

An employee will, however, not breach his duty of good faith if he reports an irregularity to an authority and. Article a quarter provides that an employee may exceptionally directly report to an authority.

Exceptions apply in cases. The draft does not improve on protection against dismissal for employees who report irregularities to their employer.

Amongst other things, under the Act protected disclosures are permitted even if a non-disclosure agreement has been signed between the employer and the former or current employee; a consultation on further restricting confidentiality clauses was held in Monitor produced a whistleblowing policy in November that all NHS organizations in England are obliged to follow.

It explicitly says that anyone bullying or acting against a whistleblower could be potentially liable to disciplinary action.

Whistleblowing tradition in what would soon become the United States had a start in with Benjamin Franklin leaking a few letters in the Hutchinson affair.

The release of the communications from royal governor Thomas Hutchinson to Thomas Whately led to a firing, a duel and arguably, both through the many general impacts of the leak and its role in convincing Franklin to join the radicals' cause, the taking of another important final step toward the American Revolution.

The first act of the Continental Congress in favor of what later came to be called whistleblowing came in the case of Samuel Shaw and Richard Marven.

The Congress dismissed Hopkins and then agreed to cover the defense cost of the pair after Hopkins filed a libel suit against them under which they were imprisoned.

Shaw and Marven were subsequently cleared in a jury trial. To be considered a whistleblower in the United States , most federal whistleblower statutes require that federal employees have reason to believe their employer violated some law, rule, or regulation; testify or commence a legal proceeding on the legally protected matter; or refuse to violate the law.

In cases where whistleblowing on a specified topic is protected by statute, U. Supreme Court decision, Garcetti v. Ceballos held that the First Amendment free speech guarantees for government employees do not protect disclosures made within the scope of the employees' duties.

In the United States, legal protections vary according to the subject matter of the whistleblowing, and sometimes the state where the case arises.

While this patchwork approach has often been criticized, it also responsible for the United States having more dedicated whistleblowing laws than any other country.

The first US law adopted specifically to protect whistleblowers was the United States False Claims Act revised in , which tried to combat fraud by suppliers of the United States government during the American Civil War.

The Act encourages whistleblowers by promising them a percentage of the money recovered by the government and by protecting them from employment retaliation.

It guaranteed the right of federal employees to furnish information to the United States Congress. The patchwork of laws means that victims of retaliation need to be aware of the laws at issue to determine the deadlines and means for making proper complaints.

Some deadlines are as short as 10 days Arizona State Employees have 10 days to file a "Prohibited Personnel Practice" Complaint before the Arizona State Personnel Board , while others are up to days.

Those who report a false claim against the federal government, and suffer adverse employment actions as a result, may have up to six years depending on state law to file a civil suit for remedies under the US False Claims Act FCA.

However, the "original source" must also be the first to file a federal civil complaint for recovery of the federal funds fraudulently obtained, and must avoid publicizing the claim of fraud until the US Justice Department decides whether to prosecute the claim itself.

Such qui tam lawsuits must be filed under seal, using special procedures to keep the claim from becoming public until the federal government makes its decision on direct prosecution.

In , Manning was convicted of violating the Espionage Act and sentenced to 35 years in prison for leaking sensitive military documents to WikiLeaks.

The federally recognized National Whistleblower Appreciation Day is observed annually on July 30, on the anniversary of the country's original whistleblower protection law.

There are comprehensive laws in New Zealand and South Africa. A number of other countries have recently [ when? They are also being considered in Kenya and Rwanda.

The European Court of Human Rights ruled in that whistleblowing was protected as freedom of expression. And in February , Nigeria also set up the whistleblowing policy against corruption and other ills in the country.

Many NGOs advocate for stronger and more comprehensive legal rights and protections for whistleblowers.

Whistleblowers who may be at risk from those they are exposing are now using encryption methods and anonymous content sharing software to protect their identity.

Tor , a highly accessible anonymity network, is one that is frequently used by whistleblowers around the world. Recently [ when? In business, whistleblowing hotlines are usually deployed as a way of mitigating risk, with the intention of providing secure, anonymous reporting for employees or third party suppliers who may otherwise be fearful of reprisals from their employer.

As such, implementing a corporate whistleblowing hotline is often seen as a step towards compliance, and can also highlight an organization's stance on ethics.

A whistleblowing hotline is sometimes also referred to as an ethics hotline or 'Speak Up' hotline and is often facilitated by an outsourced service provider to encourage potential disclosers to come forward.

In , the Harvard Business Review published findings to support the idea that whistleblowing hotlines are crucial to keeping companies healthy, stating "More whistles blown are a sign of health, not illness.

It was released on March 3, under Mute Records. The song is written from the perspective of Snowden. In July , CBS debuted a new reality television show entitled Whistleblower , hosted by lawyer, former judge and police officer Alex Ferrer which covers qui tam suits under the False Claims Act against companies that have allegedly defrauded the federal government.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For whistleblower protection in the United States, see Whistleblower protection in the United States.

For other uses, see Whistleblower disambiguation. Person who tells the public or someone in authority about alleged dishonest or illegal activities.

Main article: Whistleblower protection in Australia. Main article: Whistleblower protection in India. Main article: Public Interest Disclosure Act Main article: Whistleblower protection in the United States.

See also: Daniel Ellsberg-related films. Journal of Business Ethics. Social Theory and Practice. Fred Journal of Social Philosophy.

Nursing and the dilemma of whistleblowing". The Phrase Finder. Gary Martin. Retrieved 27 January Retrieved Cengage Learning.

Labor Law Journal. Where am I wearing? California: Wiley. This tech entrepreneur wants to provide it". The LA Times. Ferrell, John Fraedich, Linda Ferrell.

Public Personnel Management. The Walrus. British Columbia Office of the Ombudsperson. Monash Bioethics Review.

Medicine and Law. Journal of Clinical Nursing. British Medical Journal. Journal of Managerial Psychology. Nursing Standard.

Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry. Washington D. Washington Post. Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies.

Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Academy of Management Proceedings.

The American Review of Public Administration. Journal of Applied Communication Research. The Academy of Management Journal. The Academy of Management Review.

Sandoval, ed. The Guardian. Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner. Retrieved 16 June The Hindu.

Chennai, India. Irish Times. Retrieved 22 February RAND Corporation. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 23 October March Health Service Journal.

Retrieved 18 December S; S. Transatlantic Whistleblowing. Mohr Siebeck. Available online at: Madar, Chase The Nation.

Foreign Policy. Available online at: Bamford, James Spring, Vol. Mary's Law Journal. Michigan Law Review. Tulane Law Review. Dec, Vol.

Moldova, Application no. Retrieved 10 April New Scientist. Available online at: "Security upgrade for 'anonymity network ' ".

Archived from the original on In certain circumstances, more protection may be offered where threats of physical violence against the whistleblower or associates and family of the whistleblower are found.

Often the whistleblower may be entitled to a reward as compensation for reporting illicit activities. Usually, this reward is a percentage of the dollar amount recuperated by the government or regulating agency resulting from the whistleblower's information.

Recovery of a minimum amount may be necessary to qualify, and the information provided must be unique or otherwise not previously reported.

Many companies have mechanisms to inform management of wasteful practices. These practices may, or may not be, illegal in nature.

Therefore, persons reporting wasteful practices may not receive protection as a whistleblower. However, many organizations encourage suggestions from all associates to improve operations and practices.

The reporting person may be recognized for their efforts in improving efficiency and may be entitled to some nominal reward.

In incidences involving the discovery of gross waste, or waste involving a significant dollar amount of value, especially within government agencies, the reporting of waste can qualify the person as a whistleblower.

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Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. What Is a Whistleblower? Key Takeaways Whistleblowers report illegal activities within an organization.

Whistleblowers are protected from retaliation by various programs. The term originates from the 19th century. Sports referees were also once referred to as whistleblowers.

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